Word of the Week: Saturnine – A grump by any other name – art and culture

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In the past – and as we know well in our country to this day – people attributed many characteristics to the planet. In the 15th. In the 19th century, the savannahs of Europe believed that the astrological influence of the planet Saturn, then considered the furthest from the Sun and therefore the darkest, coldest and slowest in its orbit, would give man the same qualities. Consequently, anyone with a dark temperament, a bit cold, distant or forbidden in his manners, serious and slow in his movements and speech, was called Saturn (although the large letter S has long since given way to the small one).

Saturn (deputy), gloomy, boring, lethargic, cumbersome, serious, literally born under the influence of the planet Saturn. use : His appearance was so saturated that, even if he had good news to share, he passed it on with the voice of someone announcing a tragedy.

Saturn is naturally derived from the corresponding name Saturn, a planet named after the Latin god Saturn, one of the oldest Roman gods, god of agriculture and crops. Even the once largest and still largest planet and the seventh day of the week, Saturday, is called Saturn. (In Hindi, Saturn is Shani, and the Saturday Shanivaar is a parable also found in other Indian languages: in Malalam, for example, Shani and Shani Ajacha). In the Middle Ages Saturn was a technical name for lead, and lead poisoning is still the word for lead poisoning today. Many Hindus have been warned by their astrologers about the negative effects of Saturn on their Shani-Dosh horoscopes and wear lead rings to soothe the evil of the planet.

The word Saturnine (and a name for the property it describes, Saturnicity) has been popular for some time among writers who tend to describe the humour or personality of a person who might otherwise be described as depressed, gloomy, melancholic, pessimistic, moody, or just a little grumpy. Although the word implies that the person we are describing was born under the influence of the planet Saturn, today it is more a detailed account of the origin of the word than a direct connotation. Most people who use this word in English don’t believe it seriously and don’t want to imply that this number is due to the fact that Saturn dominates its horoscope!

Saturn generally refers to a fundamental disposition of man, which characterizes him in such a way that it is fundamental to his being: This lead poisoning bureaucrat doesn’t even react politely when you see him on the street. But it can also be used for a temporary way of thinking, for example for negative moods caused by an unexpected event: This poor former MP looks a bit like Saturn because her party took away her election ticket. You can be a Saturn in a way – a Saturn expression of a face – or in language: He answered Saturninelli: I don’t care about that. This word is also used to describe a certain appearance: The thoughtful actor who played the antihero was handsome in a vicious, saturnistic way. Ironically, there is also a second word that we know of the same mythological origin – Saturnalia. The paradox is that a Saturn is darkness, whereas a Saturnalia is the opposite, and it refers to a voluptuous feast: a Saturnalia is a wild gathering accompanied by excessive drunkenness and promiscuity. The reason is fascinating: Because Saturn was the deity who presided over the harvest, the Romans built a temple on the hill of the Capitol to worship Saturn, and on the 17th day of the harvest, the Romans built a temple to worship Saturn. In December they held a festival called Saturnalia to celebrate the winter harvest.

Over time, this feast lasted a week and became the most important holiday on the calendar, the time of the holidays and the gifts. When people mussed their hair, all the rules of ordinary etiquette were broken, moral restrictions were relaxed, alcohol was spilled and the festival week became famous for its drunkenness, orgies and festivities. It is therefore ironic that the same planet gave its name to two opposing provisions: Saturnin and Saturnalia.

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